In today’s scenario, Dengue is a common viral infection prevailed by the aedes (also known as yellow fever) mosquitoes, and is rampant in tropical and subtropical areas. With more than 12,000 dengue fever cases in 2016, India is one of the top countries to get affected by this vector-borne disease. Although Dengue isn’t usually fatal, it can be very unpleasant causing the victim high fever, nausea, itchy skin rashes, prolonged headaches along with muscle and joint pain.
Hence, it becomes important to keep Aedes mosquitoes away from your home, most importantly during monsoon. The best way to get protected from dengue and its complications is to get shielded completely so that you and your family don’t get affected. Wearing long clothes, using mosquito repellents, and staying indoors after sunset are some of the tips to start with. However, for a dengue-free home, you need to keep mosquitoes away using the following ways:
Say “NO” to Stagnant Water
Stagnant or standing water can be found almost everywhere, nearly throughout the year. Sadly, stagnant water makes for the most convenient breeding grounds to mosquitoes and flies. Undisturbed standing water allows insect larvae to grow into adults such as mosquitoes, which carries a host of diseases including Malaria, Yellow Fever, and Dengue. Irrespective of its causes, stagnant water ought to be prevented by all means. Here are some simple tips to avoid water build-up:
- Use Siphon Pump to flush out water in the garden areas.
- Sprinkle coffee grounds in places where stagnant water has accumulated to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.
- Keep your drainage system in-check.
- Simply keep your entire receptacle and flower pots upside down to avoid water stagnation on a daily basis.
- Keep washbasin and bathroom as dry as possible.
- Drain any stored water on fire pits regularly.
Cultivate Periodic Mosquitoes Control
No matter how often you clean your home, periodic mosquito control is essential. Professional pest control services can be made use of for home and office. These professionals do a thorough check of your home and surroundings, and accordingly advise treatment for the infestation that you’re facing. Below are some options to choose from in the case of a mosquito infestation:
- A larvicidal treatment solution kills mosquitoes before they mature.
- Fogging with insecticide is another common effective mosquitoes control way used professionals.
- Use pyriproxyfen, an insect growth regulator (IGR) available in the market, which is safe and has long-lasting results.
Use Essential Oils
Many aromatic essential oils carry insect-repelling properties, especially those having volatile substances such as like eucalyptol, thujone, geraniol, linalool, citronellal, pinene, citronellol, and limonene. These ingredients are effective to keep mosquitoes away for about 2-4 hours, so don’t forget to repeat applications. Some of the safest essential oils for mosquitoes would include the following:
- Eucalyptus Essential Oil – Light up clay lamp (diyas) with Neem oil after sunset and it will give no room for mosquitoes to enter your home.
- Lemon Eucalyptus Oil – Spray a concoction of Lemon Eucalyptus oil mixed with water around windows before sleeping and it will act as a mosquitoes-repellent for 4 hours.
- Citronella Oil – Citronella oil based candles are best for keeping dengue causing mosquitoes away.
- Lavender Essential oil – Lavender essential oil is considered safest for application on skin and warding off these insects.
- Catnip essential oil – Catnip leaves were commonly used to rub on skin before heading on a hunting trip, however, the essential oil of Catnip is said to be most effective against mosquitoes.
Outright Cleaning and Sanitizing
Our ancestors used several techniques to keep insects and bugs at bay, one being that they emphasized cleanliness. However, we now live in busy times. If deep cleaning and sanitizing practice is not your cup of tea, hiring a pro that can disinfect your home can be convenient and just as effective. These experts plan “steam sanitization” for areas that are prone to mosquitoes breeding around the home. For regular cleaning and sanitizing use the following tips:
- Add a few drops of lemon juice in your floor cleaning solution when mopping the house. The smell of citrus will help repel mosquitoes.
- Bring two litres of water to a boil. Add a handful of lemongrass and some ginger. Lower the flame and let it steep for over half an hour. The steam and scent from this solution will displace bad odour from your home and prevent mosquitoes.
- Avoid keeping dust bins open and regularly clean away trash from home.
- Don’t let dust accumulate around the corners and dark places, as those are places where mosquitoes hide. E.g., behind your refrigerator or underneath your bed.
- Change your sheets often as prolonged use of a bed sheet collects your dead skin cells that are likely to attract mosquitoes.
Take Natural Steps
People that are allergic to insect repellents can consider natural remedies for preventing mosquitoes. Here are some tips:
- Close all windows/doors and light up some camphor in a corner of each room. Leave it for 10 minutes and you will have a mosquitoes-free home.
- Grow plants that have mosquito-repellent properties; for example, feverfew, citronella, catnip and lavender.
- Toss a stick of sage (fresh or dried) onto your campfire before you go to sleep to ward bugs away.
The thought of sleeping under a mosquito net may leave some people feeling uneasy, but this is the best possible way to prevent dengue mosquitoes. So, ensure to give one a try to experience a sound sleep without the impending fear of an overbearing disease.